Bilal bin Rabbah was a slave who is very famous in the history of Islam as a very interesting story to maintain belief in Islam. A story that will never dull, though continued to be repeated throughout the ages. Strength of the plot will make everyone remain curious to hear it.
Bilal was born in the as-Sarah about 43 years before moving. His father named Rabah, while his mother was Hamamah, a black woman slave who lived in Mecca. Because his mother was, some people call Bilal as ibnus-Sauda '(son of a black woman).
Bilal grew up in the town of Umm Al-Qura (Mecca) as a slave family owned by descendants of Abduddar. When their father meinggal, bequeathed to the Umayyad Bilal ibn Khalaf, a key figure of the heathen.
When lit the new religion of Mecca and the Prophet Muhammad's great Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam began the call for a sentence of monotheism, Bilal was the first of those who embraced Islam. When Bilal embraced Islam, in this world there are only a few people who have embraced the new religion that preceded it, such as Khadijah bint Umm Mu'minin Khuwailid, Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, Ali bin Abu Talib, 'Ammar bin Yasir with his mother, Sumayyah, Suhaib ar-Rumi, and Miqdad al-ibn al-Aswad.
Bilal felt the persecution of the idolaters are more severe than anyone. Various kinds of violence, torture, and cruelty whack him. But he, like other Muslims who are weak, be patient exams in Allah's way with a rare patience shown by anyone capable of.
Muslims such as Abu Bakr and Ali bin Abu Talib still have family and tribe to defend them. However, people who are oppressed (mustadh'afun) of the slave and the slave, did not have anyone, so that the people of Quraysh tortured without mercy. Quraish wanted to make torture upon them as an example and a lesson for everyone who wants to follow the teachings of Muhammad.
Of the oppressed was tortured by the pagans of Quraish who take a very cruel and did not know love, like Abu Jahl who had defiled themselves by killing Sumayyah. He was insulting and abusing, and then plunged his spear in the stomach Sumayyah to penetrate the back ... , And gugurlah first martyrs in Islamic history.
Meanwhile, brothers in arms Sumayyah, Bilal bin Rabah particular, continues relentlessly tortured by the Quraish. Ordinarily, when the sun is directly above the crown and the desert of Mecca turned into a fireplace that was intense, the Quraysh began to undress the Muslims who are oppressed, then put armor on them and let them burn by the sun that feels the heat. Not quite up there, the people of Quraish were whipping their bodies while forcing them to revile Mohammed.
Sometimes, when torture was so severe and the strength of the Muslims who oppressed the weak to arrest him, they follow the will of the people of Quraish who tortured them are born, while his heart remains surrender to Allah and His Messenger, except Bilal, may Allah pleased with. For him, the pain is still felt too light when compared with the love of God and struggle in His way.
Quraysh the most torturing Bilal ibn Khalaf was the Umayyad with the executioner. They hit the bare backs with whips Bilal, Bilal but simply said, "Sunday, Sunday ... (God Almighty). "They rest on the bare chest of the Bilal with a hot stone, Bilal was just saying," Sunday, Sunday .... "They further enhance the torture, but still Bilal said," Sunday, Sunday .... "
They are forced to praise Latta Bilal and 'Uzza, but Bilal actually praising the name of Allah and His Messenger. They continue to force him, "Follow what we say!"
Bilal replied, "My tongue can not tell." This response makes them more intense torture and harsh.
When feeling tired and bored torture, the tyrant, the Umayyad bin Khalaf, Bilal's neck with a rope tied to a rough and not leave it up to a virtuous person and the children to pull on the street and dragged him along Abthah (1) of Mecca. Meanwhile, Bilal enjoying the torture he received for defending the teachings of Allah and His Messenger. He continued to extol the magnificence of the statement, "on Sunday ... Sunday ... Sunday ... Sunday ...." He continued repeated them without getting bored and tired.
At one point, Abu Bakar Rodhiallahu 'anhu apply to the Umayyad Bilal bin Khalaf to buy from him. Umayyad raise prices doubled. He thought that Abu Bakr would not want to pay. But it turns out, Abu Bakr agreed, despite having released nine gold uqiyah (2.
After the transaction, the Umayyad said to Abu Bakr, "Actually, if you bid up to a uqiyah all, then I would not hesitate to sell it."
Abu Bakr replied, "If you give an offer to one hundred uqiyah all, then I would not hesitate to buy it ..."
When Abu Bakr told the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam that he had bought Bilal rescuing from the clutches of his tormentors, Sholallahu Rasulullah' alaihi wasallam said to Abu Bakr, "Well, let me allied with you to pay him, O Abu Bakr."
Ash-Siddiq Rodhiallahu 'anhu said, "I have memerdekakannya, Messenger of Allah."
After the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam allow his companions to migrate to Madinah, they immediately emigrated, including Bilal Rodhiallahu' anhu .. On arrival in Medina, Bilal lived in a house of Abu Bakr and 'Amir bin Fihr. Unfortunately, they are exposed to dengue fever. If the fever is somewhat abated, Bilal sang couplets longing with a clear voice,
Duhai woe is me, would an evening
I slept in a tree surrounded Fakh idzkhir and Jalil
Will one day I drink water Mijannah
Will I see again the mountains of Shama and Thafil
No need to wonder, why so long for Mecca and Bilal perkampungannya; missed the valleys and mountains, because that is where he felt the joy of faith .... It was there that he enjoyed all forms of torture to get the pleasure of Allah .... It was there he managed to fight the demons of lust and temptation.
Bilal lived in Medina quietly and out of reach of the people of Quraish who frequently abused her. Now, he devotes all his attention to be with her lover at a time of Prophet Muhammad Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam .. Bilal has always followed the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam wherever he goes. Always bersamanyma during prayer and when to go for jihad. Sholallahu being with the Messenger of Allah 'alayhi wasallam is like a shadow that never separated from their owners.
When the Messenger Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam finished building the Prophet's Mosque in Madinah and assign azan, then Bilal was appointed as the first to proclaim the call to prayer (muezzin) in the history of Islam.
Usually, once proclaimed to prayer, Bilal standing by the door of the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam and cried, "Hayya' alashsholaati Hayya 'alashsholaati ... (Let's praying, let's make a profit ....)" Then, when the Prophet Sholallahu' alaihi wasallam came out of his house and saw Bilal, Bilal sang iqamat soon.
One time, Najasyi, King Habashah, presented three short spears that includes the most special items Sholallahu her to the Prophet 'alaihi wasallam. Sholallahu Rasulullah 'alaihi wasallam take a spear, while the remainder was given to Ali bin Abu Talib and Umar Ibn Khattab, but not long after, he gave the spear to Bilal. Since then, during his life, Bilal always carry a short spear was everywhere. He took the opportunity of two prayers id (Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha), and pray istisqa '(please rain), and drove it in front of him while praying outside the mosque.
Bilal came Sholallahu Prophet 'alaihi wasallam in the Battle of Badr. He witnessed with his own eyes how God fulfilled His promise and helped his army. He also saw the direct deaths of the princes of Quraish who had tortured him greatly. He saw Abu Jahl ibn Khalaf and fell berkalang Umayyad lands of the Muslims and the sword pierced his blood pumping as thrusting spears the people who tortured them first.
When the Messenger Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam conquered Mecca, he walked in front of the green troops with' the Maiden call the sky ', Bilal ibn Rabah. As I entered the Ka'bah, he was only accompanied by three persons, namely the 'Uthman bin Talha, carrier key to the Kaaba, Usamah bin Zaid, known as the beloved Prophet Sholallahu' alaihi wasallam and the son of her lover, and Bilal bin Rabah, the muezzin Messenger Allaah alaihi wasallam ..
Noon prayers arrived. Thousands of people gathered around the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam, including those who are new to Islam Quraysh then, either willingly or forced. Everything was great sight. At times it's very historic, the Messenger of Allaah be upon Bilal bin Rabah wasallam called up to the roof of the Kaaba in order to raise the unity of the sentence there. Bilal execute commands Sholallahu Apostles' alaihi wasallam are happy, then call to prayer echoed with the sound clean and clear.
Thousands of pairs of eyes looked at him and a thousand tongues to follow the call to prayer that dikumandangkannya sentence. But on the other hand, people who do not believe with all her heart, could not harbor envy in the chest. They feel jealousy had torn their hearts.
When the call to prayer echoed Bilal came to the sentence, "anna Muhammadan ASYHADU rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)". Juwairiyah bint Abu Jahl muttered, "Surely Allah has raised kedudukanmu .... Indeed, we still will pray, but for the sake of Allah, we do not like people who have killed the people we care about." That is, is his father who died in the Battle of Badr.
Usaid bin Khalid said, "I thank God who has glorified him by not watching the events of this day." Incidentally his father died the day before the Messenger of Allaah 'alaihi wasallam entered the city of Mecca ..
While al-Harith bin Hisham said, "It's unfortunate fate, why did not die before seeing the Kaaba Bilal went upstairs."
Al-Hakam ibn Abi al-`As said," By Allah, this is a very big disaster. A slave to sons of Jumah voiced on this building (the Ka'ba). "
While Abu Sufyan who was near them simply said, "I do not say anything, because if I make a statement, though only one sentence, it would have come to Muhammad bin Abdullah."
Muezzin Bilal to be fixed for Sholallahu Rasulullah 'alaihi wasallam life. During that time, the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wasallam really like the sound when racked with torture so severe in the past, he recited the words, "on Sunday ... Sunday ... (God Almighty)."
Shortly after the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam last breath, prayer time arrives. Bilal standing to raise the call to prayer, while the bodies of the Messenger of Allaah 'alaihi wasallam was wrapped in a shroud and buried yet. When Bilal came to the sentence, "anna Muhammadan ASYHADU rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)", his voice suddenly stopped. He could not raise his voice again. The Muslims who were there could not stop crying, then burst into sobs sound that makes the atmosphere more blue confuse.
Since the departure of the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam, Bilal was only able to carry a call to prayer for three days. Each came to the sentence, "anna Muhammadan ASYHADU rosuulullaahi (I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah)", she sobbed. Similarly, the Muslims who heard it, lost in bitter weeping.
Therefore, Bilal pleaded with Abu Bakr, who replaced Sholallahu Prophet 'alaihi wasallam as a leader, echoed the call to prayer to be allowed no more, because it can not do it. In addition, Bilal also asked permission to come out of the city of Medina with the reasons for jihad in Allah's way and fought to the Sham.
Initially, al-Siddiq was hesitant to grant the request Bilal as well let him out of the city of Medina, but Bilal urged him, saying, "If you had bought me for the sake of yourself, then you are entitled to hold, but if you have free me for God, then let me freely to Him. "
Abu Bakr replied, "By Allah, I actually bought for God, and I memerdekakanmu also because of God."
Bilal replied, "Well, I would never call to prayer echoes for anyone after the Prophet Sholallahu 'alaihi wasallam died."
Abu Bakr replied, "Well, I grant it." Bilal left Medina with the first troops sent by Abu Bakr. He lived in the area Darayya located not far from the city of Damascus. Bilal really do not want to call to prayer echoes Umar Ibn Khattab until the arrival of the Sham region, which again met with Bilal Rodhiallahu 'anhu after quite a long time apart.
Umar missed the meeting with Bilal and respect him so much, so if anyone mentions the name of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq in front of him, then Umar immediately replied,
"Abu Bakr is our master and our lord has set (ie Bilal)."
In a chance meeting, a number of friends urged that Bilal would call to prayer echoes in the presence of al-Faruq Omar Ibn Khattab. Bilal is a loud noise when it re-echoed the call to prayer sounded, Umar could not restrain her tears, then she began to sob, followed by all the friends who were up to their beards wet with tears. Bilal voice their desire to stir up all times of life that is passed in Medina with the Messenger of Allaah 'alaihi wasallam ..
BiIal, "Maiden's call it heaven", remain in Damascus until his death. Just before his death, Bilal's wife waited faithfully at his side and said, "Oh, how sad this heart ...."
But, every wife said that, Bilal opened his eyes and replied, "Oh, how happy heart is ...." Then, as he breathed his last, Bilal said softly,
"Tomorrow we are met by loved ones ...
Muhammad and his companions
Tomorrow we are met by loved ones ...
Muhammad and his companions "